25 Giu George Marshall
Data di morte 16 Ottobre 1959
In: Walter Reed Army Medical Center: Horwhat John D MD, Georgia Avenue Northwest, Washington, Distretto di Columbia, Stati Uniti
He was an American soldier and statesman.
He rose through the United States Army to become Chief of Staff under presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, then served as Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense under Truman.
Winston Churchill lauded Marshall as the "organizer of victory" for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II, although Marshall declined a final field leadership position that went to his protege, later U.S. President, Dwight D. Eisenhower.
After the war, as Secretary of State, Marshall advocated a significant U.S. economic and political commitment to post-war European recovery, including the Marshall Plan that bore his name.
In recognition of this work, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.
He died in 1959 and was buried with honors at Arlington National Cemetery.