12 Jun John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Data di morte: 22 November 1963
In: Dallas, Texas, Stati Uniti
He was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
He served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his presidency dealt with managing relations with the Soviet Union.
A member of the Democratic Party, Kennedy represented Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate prior to becoming president.
At age 43, he became the second-youngest person to serve as president, the youngest person to be elected as U.S. president, as well as the only Roman Catholic to occupy that office.
He was also the first president to have served in the U.S. Navy.
Kennedy's time in office was marked by high tensions with communist states in the Cold War.
He increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam by a factor of 18 over President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
In April 1961, he authorized a failed joint-CIA attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro in the Bay of Pigs Invasion.
He subsequently rejected Operation Northwoods plans by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to orchestrate false flag attacks on American soil in order to gain public approval for a war against Cuba.
However his administration continued to plan for an invasion of Cuba in the summer of 1962.
In October 1962, U.S. spy planes discovered that Soviet missile bases had been deployed in Cuba; the resulting period of tensions, termed the Cuban Missile Crisis, nearly resulted in the breakout of a global thermonuclear conflict.
Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and supported the civil rights movement, but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.