Kurt Gödel

Born: 28 April 1906
Dead: 14 January 1978
In: Princeton Hospital, Plainsboro Road, Princeton, New Jersey, Stati Uniti

Short description:

He was an Austro-Hungarian-born Austrian, and later American, logician, mathematician, and philosopher.
Considered along with Aristotle, Alfred Tarski and Gottlob Frege to be one of the most significant logicians in history, Gödel had an immense effect upon scientific and philosophical thinking in the 20th century, a time when others such as Bertrand Russell, Alfred North Whitehead, and David Hilbert were analyzing the use of logic and set theory to understand the foundations of mathematics pioneered by Georg Cantor.

Wikipedia/other in-depth site