12 Jun Adolf Hitler
Dead: 30 April 1945
In: Hitler's Bunker (Führerbunker), In den Ministergärten, Berlino, Germania
He was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP).
He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and later Führer in 1934.
During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939.
He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.
Hitler sought Lebensraum ("living space") for the German people in Eastern Europe, and his aggressive foreign policy is considered the primary cause of World War II in Europe.
In December 1941, shortly after Japan attacked Pearl Harbour, Hitler declared war on the United States, bringing it directly into the conflict.
Failure to defeat the Soviets and the entry of the United States into the war forced Germany onto the defensive and it suffered a series of escalating defeats.
In the final days of the war, during the Battle of Berlin in 1945, he married his longtime lover Eva Braun.
Less than two days later, on 30 April 1945, the two committed suicide to avoid capture by the Soviet Red Army; their corpses were burned.
Under Hitler's leadership and racially motivated ideology, the Nazi regime was responsible for the genocide of at least 5.5 million Jews and millions of other victims who he and his followers deemed Untermenschen (subhumans) or socially undesirable.
Hitler and the Nazi regime were also responsible for the killing of an estimated 19.3 million civilians and prisoners of war.
In addition, 28.7 million soldiers and civilians died as a result of military action in the European theatre.
The number of civilians killed during World War II was unprecedented in warfare, and the casualties constitute the deadliest conflict in history.