14 Jun Alexander Pope
Dead: 30 May 1744
In: St Mary's Parish Church, Church Street, Twickenham, Regno Unito
He was an 18th-century English poet. He is best known for his satirical verse, including Essay on Criticism, The Rape of the Lock and The Dunciad, and for his translation of Homer.
He is the second-most frequently quoted writer in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations after Shakespeare.
From the age of 12, he suffered numerous health problems including Pott's disease, which deformed his body and stunted his growth.
In May, 1709, Pope's Pastorals was published and earned him instant fame.
This was followed by An Essay on Criticism in May 1711, which was equally well received.
Pope's most famous poem is The Rape of the Lock, first published in 1712.
A mock-epic, it satirises a high-society quarrel between Arabella Fermor (the "Belinda" of the poem) and Lord Petre, who had snipped a lock of hair from her head without her permission.
The poem brought into focus the onset of acquisitive individualism and conspicuous consumption, where purchased goods assume dominance over moral agency.