10 May Erwin Schrödinger
Dead: 4 January 1961
In: Vienna, Austria
He was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory: the Schrödinger equation provides a way to calculate the wave function of a system and how it changes dynamically in time.
In addition, he was the author of many works in various fields of physics: statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, physics of dielectrics, colour theory, electrodynamics, general relativity, and cosmology, and he made several attempts to construct a unified field theory.
In his book What Is Life? Schrödinger addressed the problems of genetics, looking at the phenomenon of life from the point of view of physics.
He paid great attention to the philosophical aspects of science, ancient and oriental philosophical concepts, ethics, and religion.
He also wrote on philosophy and theoretical biology.
He is also known for his "Schrödinger's cat" thought-experiment.