12 Jun George Washington
Dead: 14 December 1799
In: George Washington's Mount Vernon, Mount Vernon Highway, Mount Vernon, Virginia, Stati Uniti
He was an American political leader, military general, statesman, and Founding Father who also served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797.
He led Patriot forces to victory in the nation's War for Independence.
He presided at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 which established the U.S. Constitution and a federal government.
Washington has been called the "Father of His Country" for his manifold leadership in the formative days of the new nation.
Washington played a key role in the adoption and ratification of the Constitution and was then elected president by the Electoral College in the first two elections.
He implemented a strong, well-financed national government while remaining impartial in a fierce rivalry between cabinet members Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton.
During the French Revolution, he proclaimed a policy of neutrality while sanctioning the Jay Treaty.
He set enduring precedents for the office of president, including the title "President of the United States", and his Farewell Address is widely regarded as a pre-eminent statement on republicanism.