12 Jun Gerald Ford
Dead: 26 December 2006
In: Rancho Mirage, California, Stati Uniti
He was an American politician who served as the 38th president of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977.
Before his accession to the presidency, Ford served as the 40th vice president of the United States from December 1973 to August 1974.
Ford is the only person to have served as both vice president and president without being elected to either office by the Electoral College.
As president, Ford signed the Helsinki Accords, which marked a move toward détente in the Cold War.
With the collapse of South Vietnam nine months into his presidency, U.S. involvement in Vietnam essentially ended.
Domestically, Ford presided over the worst economy in the four decades since the Great Depression, with growing inflation and a recession during his tenure.
In one of his most controversial acts, he granted a presidential pardon to President Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal.
During Ford's presidency, foreign policy was characterized in procedural terms by the increased role Congress began to play, and by the corresponding curb on the powers of the President.
In the Republican presidential primary campaign of 1976, Ford defeated former California Governor Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination.
He narrowly lost the presidential election to the Democratic challenger, former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter.