10 May Julius Robert Oppenheimer
Dead: 18 February 1967
He was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
Oppenheimer was the wartime head of the Los Alamos Laboratory and is among those who are credited with being the "father of the atomic bomb" for their role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II undertaking that developed the first nuclear weapons.
The first atomic bomb was successfully detonated on July 16, 1945, in the Trinity test in New Mexico.
Oppenheimer later remarked that it brought to mind words from the Bhagavad Gita: "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds."
In August 1945, the weapons were used in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.