12 Giu Lyndon B. Johnson
Data di morte: 22 Gennaio 1973
In: Lyndon B. Johnson State Park & Historic Site, Park Road 52, Stonewall, Texas, Stati Uniti
He was an American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969.
Formerly the 37th vice president of the United States from 1961 to 1963, he assumed the presidency following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
A Democrat from Texas, Johnson also served as a United States Representative and as the Majority Leader in the United States Senate.
Johnson is one of only four people who have served in all four federal elected positions.
In domestic policy, Johnson designed the "Great Society" legislation to expand civil rights, public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, aid to education, the arts, urban and rural development, public services and his "War on Poverty".
Assisted in part by a growing economy, the War on Poverty helped millions of Americans rise above the poverty line during his administration.
Civil rights bills that he signed into law banned racial discrimination in public facilities, interstate commerce, the workplace and housing; the Voting Rights Act prohibited certain requirements in southern states used to disenfranchise African Americans.
With the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, the country's immigration system was reformed, encouraging greater emigration from regions other than Europe.
Johnson's presidency marked the peak of modern liberalism after the New Deal era.