10 May Max Born
Dead: 5 January 1970
He was a German-Jewish physicist and mathematician who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics.
He also made contributions to solid-state physics and optics and supervised the work of a number of notable physicists in the 1920s and 1930s.
Born won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially in the statistical interpretation of the wave function".