09 Oct Papa Pio XII
Dead: 9 October 1958
In: Castel Gandolfo, RM, Italia
He was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2 March 1939 to his death.
Before his election to the papacy, he served as secretary of the Department of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, papal nuncio to Germany, and Cardinal Secretary of State, in which capacity he worked to conclude treaties with European and Latin American nations, most notably the Reichskonkordat with Nazi Germany.