12 Giu Richard Nixon
Data di morte: 22 Aprile 1994
In: NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, East 68th Street, New York, Stati Uniti
He was an American politician who served as the 37th president of the United States from 1969 until 1974.
He had previously served as the 36th vice president of the United States from 1953 to 1961, and prior to that as both a U.S. representative and senator from California.
Nixon ended American involvement in the war in Vietnam in 1973, brought the American POWs home, and ended the military draft.
Nixon's visit to China in 1972 eventually led to diplomatic relations between the two nations and he initiated détente and the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union the same year.
His administration generally transferred power from Washington D.C. to the states.
He imposed wage and price controls for ninety days, enforced desegregation of Southern schools, established the Environmental Protection Agency and began the War on Cancer.
Nixon also presided over the Apollo 11 moon landing, which signaled the end of the moon race.
He was reelected in one of the largest electoral landslides in U.S. history in 1972 when he defeated George McGovern.