10 May Werner Heisenberg
Dead: 1 February 1976
In: Monaco di Baviera
He was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics.
He published his work in 1925 in a breakthrough paper.
In the subsequent series of papers with Max Born and Pascual Jordan, during the same year, this matrix formulation of quantum mechanics was substantially elaborated.
He is known for the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, which he published in 1927.
Heisenberg was awarded the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the creation of quantum mechanics".
He also made important contributions to the theories of the hydrodynamics of turbulent flows, the atomic nucleus, ferromagnetism, cosmic rays, and subatomic particles, and he was instrumental in planning the first West German nuclear reactor at Karlsruhe, together with a research reactor in Munich, in 1957.
He was a principal scientist in the Nazi German nuclear weapon project during World War II.
He travelled to occupied Copenhagen where he met and discussed the German project with Niels Bohr.